With a total area of 16,470 km2 of which 12,000 is forests and mountains, Nghe An deserves the reputation as the biggest province in the North Central Vietnam.
It adjoins Thanh Hoa Province to the North, Ha Tinh Province to the South, Laos to the West, and the East Sea to the East. Vinh, the capital city and also the largest city of Nghe An, is located 291km to the South of Hanoi. Interestingly, Nghe An Province and Ha Tinh Province used to be called Nghe Tinh Province from 1976 to 1991. Not until then were the two of them separated and renamed as nowadays.
As Nghe An is parts of the giant Truong Son Mountain Range, 83% of its area is mountainous, making its topography highly complicated. The terrain has a descending slope from North-West to South-East; is separated by mountains, hills, rivers, streams, etc. into many small valleys. In terms of height, the 2,711m high Pulaileng Peak in Ky Son District is most noticeable, while the 0.2m high plains in Yen Thanh Districts are the most humble. Besides, Nghe An also has a highly dense system of rivers with a total length of 9828km. The biggest river is Ca River (also known as Lam River) which actually originates from Laos. The coastline of the province is 82km with 6 watercourse-mouths which allow seaports and sea transportation to develop conveniently.
With a monsoonal tropical climate, Nghe An enjoys its 4 distinct seasons: Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter! While from April to August, it is affected by the dry Southwestern winds, the province experiences the humid and cold Northeastern winds during winter. However, the weather is still favorable most of the time. The annual average precipitation is 1670mm and the annual average temperature is 25.2oC. As other provinces in Vietnam, Nghe An has a high level of humidity: about 86 – 87%.
As a result of its diverse population, Nghe An is a kingdom of many traditional festivals organized on the rivers such as Cau Ngu Festival, Ruoc Hen Festival. Besides, there are also many festivals illustrating the local myths, tales, and important historical events such as the Cuong Temple Festival, the Van Loc Village Festival, the Lotus Village Festival, etc. Apart from these festivals, tourists can also fill up their time quickly in Nghe An by visiting 200 historical and cultural sites of the province, including the Kim Lien Village – the birthplace of President Ho Chi Minh. In addition to the province’s dynamic cultural aspects, visitors are also enchanted by its natural beauty. Indeed, Nghe An has more than 82km of coastline with myriad beautiful beaches that attract both domestic and international tourists. Some of the most famous ones are Cua Lo, Cuu Hoi, Nghi Thiet, Bai Lu, Quynh Bang,